When Did Sparta End?

When Did Sparta End?

The decline of classical Sparta was relatively rapid viewed externally: its shocking defeat at the battle of Leuctra in 371 BC was the beginning of the end of its military hegemony of Greece.  Within a few years, Sparta’s power would be reduced to its Laconian...
Lysander: The Ambitious Admiral

Lysander: The Ambitious Admiral

Lysander rose to fame by defeating the Athenian navy at Aegospotami in 405 BC which led to victory for Sparta in the Peloponnesian War.  His rise to power both enabled and heralded the establishment of the brief Spartan empire, yet it also prompted the further...
The Classical Agoge

The Classical Agoge

The agoge was the public education system for Spartan boys.  Similar in fashion to a military boarding school, the purpose of the agoge was to mould the boys into elite hoplites as well as to prepare them for their lives as Spartiates, the citizen-soldiers and ruling...
Masters of the Phalanx

Masters of the Phalanx

The phalanx was the primary infantry battle formation in classical Greece.  The Spartans achieved a level of mastery of the phalanx and its associated tactics which for two centuries was unparalleled by contemporary powers.  This mastery was achieved through years of...
The Reforms of Lycurgus

The Reforms of Lycurgus

Lycurgus was the mythical founder of classical Sparta’s totalitarian regime.  Sanctified by Apollo, Lycurgus’ laws were the key to the city’s stability and success for centuries.  The fantastic story of these laws was likely propaganda that hid a more complicated...
Brasidas: The General in the North

Brasidas: The General in the North

Brasidas was one of the greatest generals of classical Sparta.  As a leader in the Peloponnesian War (431-405 BC), he proved himself a shrewd battlefield tactician, a brilliant strategist and diplomat, and a bold combatant.  His actions against Athenian interests in...